Haridwar has very rich very old spiritual and cultural heritage. In the antique scriptures of India, this place is well known by the name of Mayapur. This city is also well known for many other things separately from the holy river Ganges. Haridwar has freedom of having IIT at Roorkee, formerly known as University of Roorkee, founded in 1847 as a primary technological institute of India.
The city has single of the “navratna PSUs of India” i.e BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals India Ltd.). The tomb Piran Kaliar of Shabir Shahib in Roorkee is a living instance of religious harmony in India which is visited by the people of all religious sects from all over the world. Nearby is another University in the city called Gurukul Kangri Vishva Vidyalaya separately from the head quarter of Uttaranchal State Public Service Commission also being recognized at Haridwar. Besides this, Kumbh fair is arranged at the interval of every 12 years in this city in which about 1 crore pilgrims from all over the world contribute.
“Among the numerous pilgrimages that dot the distance end to end of the Ganga, Haridwar ranks among the most holy in the land ” Accroding to Hindu tradition Haridwar was known as Kapilsthan.
Lagend has it that the people of Raja Bhagirath, were inspired by fire at this spot next a cused of rishi Kapil. For their salvation Raja Bhhagirath requested the ganga to descend on Earth. Haridwar is also famous by the names of gangadwar, Tapovan Mokshadwar,and Mayapuri. It is at Haridwar that the Ganga finaly emerges into the northern plains. The Kumbh and the Ardh Kumbh melas also take place here every 12 th & 6th year.
PLACES TO SEE
Har ki Pauri
Emperor Vikramaditya build this sacred Ghat in memory of his brother Bhatrihari who it is believed had come to Haridwar to contemplate on the banks of the Ganga. This ghat later came to be recognized as Har-Ki-Pauri (also called Brahamakund). At twilight, golden hues of floral diyas mirrored in the river Ganga present the most charming sight. The impression of Lord Hari’s footprint hallows the riverbank temple here. The ghat is regarded the most sacred and favorable point to bathe in the Ganga during the 12 year Kumbh and the 6 year Ardh Kumbh.
Sapt Rishi Ashram and Sapt Sarovar
According to legend the Saptarshis (seven sages) were deep in meditation here. The Ganga, not wanting to concern them split herself into seven streams (Sapt Sarovar) around them.
Mansa Devi Temple
The temple of Goddess Mansa Devi is situated on the top of Bilwa Parwat. The rope-way with its brilliantly coloured cable cars take devotees to the old hilltop of Mansa Devi.
Chandi Devi Temple
The Chandi Devi place of worship at the top of Neel Parvat on canal Ganga’s banks was built in1929 A.D. by the emperor of Kashmir-Suchat Singh. A three kilometers trek from Chandighat, it is believed that the main figure was established by the Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century AD. It is at a space of six kilometers on Neel Parvat on the other bank of River Ganga.
Maya Devi Temple
This is an very old temple of Maya Devi the Adhisthatri deity of Hardwar, known as one of the Siddhapethas. Said to be the space where the hearts and navel of Goddess Sati had fallen.
Daksha Mahadev Temple
The very old temple of Daksha Mahadev stands in the south Kankhal town. Mythology has it that King Daksha Prajapati, father of Sati (Lord Shiva’s first wife) perform yagya at this place, but didn’t invite Lord Shiva (Mahadev). Feeling insulted, Sati scalded herself in the yagya kund. Provoked by this, the ganas (followers) of Lord Shiva killed King Daksha. Later, Lord Shiva brought him back to life.
Other Places of Interest, Kanva Rishio Ashram; PawanDham; Bhooma Niketan; Vaishnav Devi Temple; Doodhadhari Temple; Bharat Mata Mandir; Shahi Gurudwara; Jairam Ashram
Rishikesh, also known as the ‘place of sages’ is Haridwar, at the coming together of the Chandrabhaga and Ganga. It is believed that God by the name of ‘Hrishikesh’ had seeing that an reply to the hard penances by Rabhiya Rishi and henceforth the place derived its name. It is the starting point for the Char dham pilgrims but also for the people who are interested in consideration, yoga and other aspects of Hinduism.
For the escapade seekers, rishikesh is the suggested place for starting their trekking expeditions to the Himalayan peaks and for rafting. Also, International Yoga Week which attracts participation form across the world, is held here, every year, in February happening the banks of the Ganga.
Rishikesh is first of the most popular pilgrim plus gateway to the Himalayan Shrines of Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The Yoga Centres of Rishikesh have enhanced the significance of the place. From this point on, the great Ganges foliage behind her ton home and enters the vast plains of Northern India.
PLACES TO SEE
Bharat Mandir, Kailash Niketan Temple,Satya Narayan Temple
The idol of Lord Satyanarayan has been enshrine inside the temple situated enrooted to Rishikesh, 10 kms. away from Hardwar. The visitors use this place as a position to stop the progress of for a casual worship.
This is an very old temple loyal to Shatrughan, Lord Ram’s brother and is located 5 kms. away from Rishikesh.
The Neelkanth Temple is located on pinnacle of a hill across the Ganga. According to tactic, after the Sagar Manthan Lord Shiva drank all the waste matter venom here, which turned his throat blue, hence the name Neelkanth and Ram Jhula and Laxman Jhula.
At afternoon drive in the way of Delhi. Move to international airport to board flight for forward journey.